Each passing year seems to bring new opportunities for people creating music – from promoting it via the internet, to increasingly sophisticated composing software. But some are still worried that classical music needs to win over new, young audiences if it is to remain relevant.
Recently, one leading orchestra director has even claimed that classical music should be referred to as ‘orchestral music’ to avoid people’s prejudices and revive interest. Would a name change really help to revive classical music’s audience figures and listenership, or is a different approach required?
Classical vs Orchestral: What’s in a Name?
When it comes to audiences at classical performances, some figures suggest that the numbers haven’t dwindled all that much – from 8.3% of UK adults in 2005, to 7.6% in 2016. What is perhaps more telling, is the research showing that the age make up of this demographic is not changing – a study by the Australian Bureau of Statistics found that the largest proportion of concert-goers were in their 60s and 70s, with younger people significantly under-represented.
This apparent lack of interest in classical music among younger people prompted the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra’s managing director James Williams to suggest that it should be rebranded as ‘orchestral music’. Williams believes that it’s the very name ‘classical music’ that is instantly conjuring in young minds visions of stuffy, outdated musical styles and genteel applause at buttoned-up recitals.
Is Rebranding the Only Solution?
While there is not much in the way of evidence that it’s the name that is preventing new audiences from embracing classical music, Williams may be correct to suggest that the issue is partly one of perception.
One study by the University of Sheffield, published in the Journal of Popular Music, found that self-consciousness regarding the formal environment of the concert hall was a major factor preventing a test group of young students from enjoying a classical concert.
The etiquette often expected at classical performances is a more recent development than many realise. It was not until the twentieth century that spontaneous applause and vocal audience reactions began to be frowned upon. A greater level of tolerance for enthusiastic and vociferous audience reactions could help to defuse the sort of self-consciousness felt by the concert-goers in the Sheffield study.
Another area in which classical music finds itself at odds with the habits of younger demographics is the difficulty it poses to streaming services. The way that we consume music as a society is changing, with revenue from streaming now outstripping both physical sales and downloads. Despite this, classical music is failing to see the same benefits as many other genres, as streaming services find classical pieces extremely difficult to categorise and list correctly. Although several solutions to this have been suggested, including a streaming service exclusively for classical, the most effective solution for existing platforms is simply a more effective use and management of data.
While there are many possible explanations for aversion towards classical music from younger audience, Radio 3 controller Alan Davey has his own proposed strategy for boosting interest. As well as finding new and disruptive ways to shake up performances, Davey has insisted that championing a pool of young, diverse talent is the key to ensuring that classical music continues to innovate and reman relevant.
Whether it is through encouraging more people into professional music, or by shifting perceptions, bringing new audiences to classical music can only be beneficial to its future. Here on the Dorico blog, we’ve already discussed how technologies ranging from home recording to music scoring software helped to democratise music, and it is important that this process is extended to every level of the classical music world.